Where Is Polish Spoken in the World?

Polish is spoken in Poland, but also in parts of the United States, Canada, and the UK.

Where Is Polish Spoken in the World?
Written by
Published on
Oct 12, 2023
Read time

Polish, a Slavic language, is the official language of Poland. However, it is also spoken by millions of people around the world. Polish migration, both in recent times and historically, has led to the language being spoken in many different regions and countries.

In this article, we will explore the global presence of the Polish language. From Europe to North America, South America, Asia, and even Australia and New Zealand, Polish-speaking communities exist worldwide.

Key Takeaways:

  • Polish is a widely spoken language beyond its home country of Poland.
  • Polish-speaking communities can be found in regions all around the world, including Europe, North and South America, Asia, and Australia and New Zealand.
  • Polish immigration has played a significant role in the language's global reach.

Polish Language Areas in Europe

Polish is the second most spoken Slavic language after Russian, and it is primarily spoken in Poland by over 38 million people. However, Polish is also used in several regions throughout Europe where Polish speakers have established themselves over the years.

Regions with Polish Speakers

One of the countries with a significant number of Polish speakers is Germany. According to Deutsche Welle, there are approximately 2 million Polish speakers living in Germany. The cities with the highest concentration of Polish speakers are Berlin, Hamburg, and Dusseldorf.

In the United Kingdom, Polish is the second most spoken language after English. According to the 2011 Census, over 500,000 people reported speaking Polish, and this number has increased in recent years due to immigration. In addition to London, where there is a large Polish community, other cities like Manchester, Birmingham, and Edinburgh have also seen a rise in Polish speakers.

France is another country where Polish is spoken. The Polish community in France dates back to the early 19th century, and today, there are approximately 100,000 Polish speakers living in France, particularly in cities like Paris, Lille, and Lyon.

Other European countries where Polish is spoken include the Czech Republic, Lithuania, Slovakia, and Ukraine. These countries have significant Polish-speaking populations due to historical and cultural connections with Poland.

In addition to these regions, there are also Polish language areas in North America, South America, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand.

  • Germany: Berlin, Hamburg, Dusseldorf
  • United Kingdom: London, Manchester, Birmingham, Edinburgh
  • France: Paris, Lille, Lyon
  • Czech Republic, Lithuania, Slovakia, Ukraine

These regions and cities have become melting pots of Polish culture and language, making it possible for Polish immigrants and their descendants to preserve their language and traditions while adapting to their new home countries.

Polish Speaking Communities in North America

North America is home to a significant Polish-speaking population, with cities like Chicago and Toronto being recognized as hotspots for the language.

Chicago, in particular, has a long-standing Polish heritage, with the first wave of Polish immigrants arriving in the city in the mid-19th century. Today, the city boasts the largest number of Polish speakers outside of Poland, with an estimated population of over 100,000 and several Polish-language media outlets.

Toronto is another North American city with a thriving Polish-speaking community. According to the 2016 Canadian census, over 135,000 people in the Toronto metropolitan area identified as having Polish ancestry. The city is home to various Polish cultural organizations and events, such as the annual Polish Festival held in Roncesvalles Village.

Other regions in North America with significant Polish-speaking populations include Buffalo, New York, and Detroit, Michigan. These cities also have strong ties to Polish culture and heritage, with numerous Polish restaurants, bakeries, and cultural centers.

The Polish language has played an integral role in shaping the cultural fabric of North America, and its presence continues to be felt today through the contributions of Polish-speaking communities.

Polish Language Hotspots in South America

South America is home to several regions with sizeable Polish-speaking populations. These communities are typically formed by immigrants and their descendants who arrived in the region during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Today, these communities have integrated into the local culture while still preserving their unique Polish identity.


Argentina has the largest Polish community in South America, with estimates ranging from 500,000 to 1 million people. Most of the Polish-speaking population is concentrated in the Buenos Aires province, but other regions like Córdoba and Santa Fe also have significant Polish communities. In Buenos Aires, there are several Polish cultural institutions, such as the Polish Club and the Polish-Argentine Association.


Brazil has a smaller but still notable Polish-speaking population, with around 200,000 people of Polish descent. The southern state of Paraná has the highest concentration of Polish speakers, with cities like Curitiba and São Mateus do Sul having active Polish cultural centers and festivals. In addition, there are also Polish-speaking communities in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.

Other Regions

Other regions in South America with smaller but still notable Polish-speaking populations include Uruguay, Chile, and Peru. In Uruguay, there are around 10,000 people of Polish descent, concentrated in the capital city of Montevideo. In Chile, the city of Valdivia has a small but active Polish community that celebrates its heritage through festivals and cultural events. In Peru, the city of Arequipa has a small Polish-speaking community that has integrated into the larger local Polish community and runs the Polish-Peruvian Cultural Association.

Overall, the Polish-speaking communities in South America are a testament to the enduring legacy of Polish migration and culture. These communities continue to contribute to the linguistic and cultural diversity of the region, and their presence is a reminder of the global reach of the Polish language.

Polish Linguistic Territories in Australia and New Zealand

Australia and New Zealand may be located far away from Poland, but they are home to thriving Polish-speaking communities.

In Australia, the largest Polish-speaking community can be found in Melbourne, Victoria. Other cities with significant Polish populations include Sydney, Adelaide, Perth, and Brisbane. The Polish community in Australia has a rich history, dating back to the 19th century when Polish immigrants arrived in search of gold. Today, the Polish language is kept alive through cultural events, language schools, and community organizations.

Similarly, the New Zealand Polish-speaking population is concentrated in major urban areas such as Auckland and Wellington. They celebrate their heritage through cultural festivals, music, and dance. The Polish language is also taught in universities and language schools throughout the country.

The Polish linguistic territories in Australia and New Zealand demonstrate the resilience of the Polish language and culture in far-flung parts of the world. Despite being thousands of miles away from Poland, Polish-speaking communities have found a way to preserve their language and pass it on to future generations.

Polish Language Communities in Asia

While the Polish language is primarily spoken in Europe and North America, there are also smaller communities in Asia where the language is used.


Kazakhstan has a population of over 18 million people and is home to a small but significant Polish community. Many of these individuals are descended from Poles who were deported to Kazakhstan during World War II and have maintained their linguistic and cultural traditions over the years. Today, there are Polish-language schools in cities like Almaty and the Polish minority has their own cultural center in the city.


In Mongolia, the Polish language is spoken by a small community of Polish expats and their families. Many of these individuals work in the mining industry and have established a Polish-language school in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar. The school offers classes for both children and adults and aims to preserve the language and culture of the Polish community in Mongolia.

Overall, while the Polish language is not widely spoken in Asia, these small communities highlight the global reach of the language and demonstrate the resilience of Polish linguistic and cultural traditions.

Polish Spoken Locations: Conclusion

In conclusion, the Polish language has a broad global reach, with significant communities of speakers in Europe, North America, South America, Australia, New Zealand, and even Asia. The linguistic territories and hotspots of the Polish language highlight its cultural and historical significance.

The Diversity of Polish-Speaking Communities

It is fascinating to note the diverse backgrounds of Polish-speaking communities worldwide and how they have preserved the language across generations. Despite being geographically dispersed, these communities share a common language, culture, and identity. The Polish language serves as a link that connects them.

Contributions to the Linguistic Landscape

The global presence of the Polish language also highlights its contributions to the linguistic landscape. The Polish language has enriched numerous cultures with its unique vocabulary, grammar, and expressions. It has played a significant role in shaping the multicultural world we live in today.

Final Thoughts

The Polish language has woven itself into the fabric of various cultures worldwide. Its global reach emphasizes its unique place in the world of languages and the importance of preserving and maintaining it. With Polish spoken locations worldwide, it is clear that the language will continue to play a role in various regions and communities for generations to come.